By 2025 we will be carbon and forest positive.
In order to become carbon positive, we are not just looking at the carbon footprint created by our own operations (scope 1) and generated by the energy we use (scope 2). We also take into account the carbon footprint of our entire supply chain (scope 3), including the production and processing of all raw materials we source, and related land use changes. One way of tackling our carbon footprint, is by looking into enhancing carbon sequestration of agricultural land, by implementing good agricultural practices and by making the planting of shade trees an integral part of the farm packages we provide to cocoa farmers. We have also teamed up with a renowned research consultancy, Quantis, to undertake analytical work required to more accurately understand carbon in the cocoa supply chain.
Another important challenge are carbon emissions generated by the production of dairy. Here, we are working with our suppliers to create a more sustainable dairy production, including lower carbon emissions, through the Vision Dairy program. We have also joined the Cool Farm Alliance in September 2018. Optimizing our carbon footprint constitutes a mix of minimizing the carbon footprint of our factories, the carbon footprint of the energy we are using for the production of our products, as well as the carbon footprint of our transport activities and our non-cocoa ingredients. For example, 14 out of our 59 factories (24%) are powered by renewable energy.
Becoming forest positive
In order to become forest positive, we first of all need to become deforestation-free. This will require us to work with sustainability certifications and standards – including our own sustainability program Cocoa Horizons – to develop systems that allow for credible proof of the deforestation-free claim. In 2017/18, we mapped 130,811 cocoa farms in our Katchilè database, to understand whether these farmers are located close to protected forest areas and therefore at risk of sourcing cocoa from protected forest areas. In addition, we require the suppliers of all our ingredients at risk of causing deforestation to implement equivalent approaches to guarantee that these commodities are free from deforestation.
Furthermore, we teamed up in 2017/18 with the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich to jointly develop a satellite based system that can monitor land use change and deforestation. This tool is the first of its kind looking to implement such an approach at a large scale, and once finalized, we will make its methodology publicly available. Most importantly, it will allow us to hold our suppliers accountable at a different level.
Creating the movement
In order to define a structural solution to deforestation in the cocoa supply chain, and to achieve our Forever Chocolate target of becoming forest positive, many actors have to work together. This is why we were one of the driving companies behind the signing of the Cocoa and Forests Initiative Frameworks for Action, November 16, 2017, at the UN Climate Summit in Bonn, Germany.The goal of these frameworks is to eradicate deforestation from the cocoa supply chain in West Africa. The frameworks for action are truly unique, as there is no other commodity for which governments, industry and NGOs have come together to agree on concrete measures to eradicate deforestation.
The frameworks include an end to the conversion of any forest land for cocoa production, a moratorium on the direct sourcing of cocoa from national parks and reserves per January 1, 2018, and the development of an action plan by signatory companies and governments to eliminate cocoa production and sourcing from national parks and reserves. In addition, the framework also envisions the development of alternative livelihoods for affected farmers. Many cocoa farmers have been farming in the forests for years, so alternative livelihoods have to be found for this group of farmers. Deforestation is as much a social problem in West Africa, as it is an environmental problem.
Furthermore, in June 2018 we signed a letter of intent with the Ivorian government on agroforestry to work with cocoa farmers in forests to find ways of balancing cocoa farming with a biodiverse environment.
Our measured impact
The carbon footprint of our supply chain from farm to customer was 9.1 million tonnes CO2e in 2017/18. This is an increase of +4.6% mostly due to an increase in production of chocolate and cocoa products2. For that same reason, our CO2e intensity per tonne of average product slightly decreased to 4.45 tonnes (-1.5%2) in 2017/18, due to energy-saving measures in our factories and transport operations.
A part of the volume of raw materials that we source is at risk of causing deforestation. We have therefore created a heat map to provide an overview of the geographical footprint of these raw materials and their inherent risks. On the basis of this heat map, we are assessing which measures, such as traceability and farm mapping, have to be put in place, in addition to certification schemes, to prove that the commodities we source are free from deforestation.
Our first focus is to become deforestation-free. In addition, we continue to search for partners who can support us in landscaping approaches to regenerate forests. For the moment, we cannot yet provide data on regenerated hectares of forests.
2Compared to recalculated organisational carbon footprint of 8.6 million tonnes CO2e and 4.52 CO2e intensity per tonne of average product in 2016/17 to ensure like for like comparison with 2017/18 footprint and carbon intensity data. The restated numbers are based on an updated carbon footprint calculation methodology allowing for a change in the weighing of the methane emissions associated with dairy production.
The carbon footprint of our supply chain from farm to customer and number of hectares of forest regenerated
Mill tonnes of CO2e
Numbers of hectares of forest regenerated
CO2e intensity per tonne of product
Raw materials at risk of causing deforestation proven to be deforestation-free
Our commitment to the UN SDGs
The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) consist of 17 goals to transform our world. We have selected for each of our targets the corresponding SDG to highlight how Forever Chocolate fits into the global agenda to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all.
Going for gold: driving carbon emissions reductions in our supply chain
We aim to be carbon and forest positive by 2025. But we are not only looking at the carbon footprint created by our own operations and the energy we use, we are also taking the big step to account for the footprint of our entire supply chain.
The ambitious goal of the Paris Agreement, to keep global warming well below 2°C, has prompted businesses all over the world to take positive action. Barry Callebaut has introduced significant measures to reduce direct emissions and energy consumption. However, decreasing emissions from supply chains, like cocoa and milk powder has proven to be difficult. So what are we doing to address this?
Fully powered by renewables
Fourteen of our 59 factories are now powered by renewable energy.
Barry Callebaut’s Sweden Kågeröd factory was the first of the group’s 14 out of 59 production facilities to operate on 100% renewable energy. Now running entirely on renewable energy, Kågeröd represents a highly impressive win-win example, combining far-reaching ecological and economical benefits.
On the road to cutting CO2 emissions
Each year, in Europe alone, Barry Callebaut trucks clock up the equivalent of five hundred circumnavigations of planet earth transporting chocolate from factories to customers. A new initiative is mapping out ways to reduce our carbon emissions from road transportation by up to an astounding 30%. Not only does this save on transport costs, this reduction represents a significant milestone on Barry Callebaut’s journey to achieve its Forever Chocolate target of being carbon positive by 2025.
Financing the transition to climate-smart agriculture
Barry Callebaut’s Chief Innovation, Sustainability & Quality Officer Pablo Perversi took the stage May 23, 2018 at the World Bank Innovate for Climate Summit in Frankfurt (Germany). The topic at hand: financing sustainability. The focus of the summit was financing the transition towards a climate-smart agriculture that does not cause deforestation - a critical issue for Barry Callebaut.
Space Odyssey: mapping deforestation from out of space
At Barry Callebaut we have the ambitious target of being carbon and forest positive by 2025. To help us achieve this, we have partnered with experts in this field to develop a unique project which uses artificial intelligence, remote sensing and the newest methodology to classify landscapes.